Costumes of the Mediterranean

Country: Algeria
Year: 2019
Release Date: 08 Jul 2019

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Press Release
The Traditional clothing is an ancient element that changed according to the development of humanity through the antique stages. Traditional wear is an important component of the cultural heritage of any people. It is what makes the difference from the rest of the people. It also reflects the connection of the nation with its history, heritage and originality. Traditional clothing is an integral part of the heritage. However, whatever change or development we find, we can always preserve the value of the traditional wear, which do not change through times and places.
“Chedda” from “Tlemcen”:

The creation of this dress is subject to skills that have been associated, from decades, to the preparing of the traditional wedding in the region of Tlemcen. It is said that the sections of the costume “chedda” are from the eleventh century. It has acquired its form and its current details throughout the ages, where the cultures of the Arabs, Andalusians and Ottomans merged. During the Andalusian civilization, it was only worn by the princesses of the palaces in the capitals of Andalusia and its suburbs in the Maghreb.
The dress “Chedda” is made of a top (a blouse), a silky dress embellished with a golden thread and on which is placed another garment embroidered with gold too and sprinkled with jewelry and ornaments covering the chest area. Plus a long coat embroidered "caftan". In addition to "methekla" and "chachia", a conical crown decorated with precious stones, both pieces used as a cover for the head of the bride and both can be decorated with "Taaouika".
The crown has a conical royal shape, and the lower part is covered with a pure gold necklace. The jewels are adorned with pearls, emeralds and diamonds and attached to the neck with a necklace. The ears are adorned with large-sized bow-shaped earrings. A soft tissue is placed around the waist called “methekla” described by its large golden threads and for the chest a short “caftan” is worn.

It should be noted that the costume of “Chedda”, worn by the bride when she went to the marital home, turned into a human heritage after being classified by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization "UNESCO" as a global immaterial cultural heritage in 2012.
 “Djebba” from “Kabyle”:
“djebba” is the main dress of Kabyle women sewn with a sewing machine, from several pieces of silk or cotton fabric, which can now be sleeveless, with sleeves or short sleeves.
The young Kabyle women generally have two types of dress that do not differ in form: the normal dress and the other are special for the occasions. The Kabyle dress includes other elements such as:
Al-Fotah: is a colorful wrap that is held around the waist.
The belt: is a long belt women held several times around the waist. It’s made of multi-colored wool threads.
Headdress: A square cloth made of silk, covering the Kabyle women's head.
 “Kashabia” from “Aures”: Is a traditional coat in Algeria at “Chaouia”, “Djelfa” and “eastern Algeria”, made of pure wool and worn by the local population to resist the freezing cold in the winter, especially in the high plateau where temperature in the winter is below zero.
The “kashabia” is made in a purely manual manner, after the good washing of the wool and the remove of all the impurities and dust from it and after drying it, mix with the traditional means used there to match the colors of the raw material.
The wool is cut into pieces. These parts are then formed in the form of thin or medium pieces according to the product to be formed. This is done by a manual machine through which the thread is threaded through the circular motion.
« Bernous » from the South of Algeria:
“Bernous” made of camel wool remains the trademark of a traditional industry registered in the region of “Djelfa” especially in the city of “Mosaad”, and the quality of “Bernous” is linked to the region of “Ouled Nail”.
Therefore, the “bernous” made of the wool of the camel always remains the one of the city of Massad, where the craft and beauty of the heritage is still maintained by the local population.
As for the production of camel wool bernous, it requires a lot of work, so that the basic condition is the quality of wool to be used.
Women take care of brushing and purifying the wool from all impurities before making it in the shape of long filaments in yellowish brown. After this stage, the craftsmen of the region, known for their skill and talent, come to take up their task of converting selected filaments to attractive “burnous”.