Costumes of the Mediterranean

Country: France
Year: 2019
Release Date: 08 Jul 2019

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Press Release
From the 18th century to early 20th, the daily outfit has regionalized in France, becoming a precise indicator of the territory, due to its colors, fabric and specifies. In Provence, in the south of France, the traditional costume knows several geographical variants like the Arles costume, the city of Nice costume and the costumes of the high and the low Provence.
In most of these territories, the costume has common characteristics. The Provencal farmer wore simple and functional clothes, a shirt, a vest and trousers. His outfit was often embellished with a taiole, belt in colored fabric that encloses and marks the size to hold the pants and keep the kidneys warm during the works of force.
For women, the costume, more complex, is composed of many inseparable parts: a camisole or blouse and a long skirt constitute the outfit, a headdress covers the hair, a kerchief skirted pleated frame the shoulders and an apron completes the set. If the style remains about the same, shapes and fabrics differ depending on trades, seasons but also according to the social status of the person.
In low Provence, the dress of the peasant women and more particularly of perfume pickers, in the country of Grasse (whose know-how is inscribed in the intangible heritage of Unesco since November 2018), was very codified and constituted almost a uniform.
Indeed, the pickers were recognizable by their skirt made of thick cloth called "in rayas", that is to say marked with vertical stripes red, white and / or blue, with their braided straw hat sewn in spiral and wide edge, which protected them from the burning sun of the South, and with their raised apron forming a pocket to collect the fragrant flowers (rose, jasmine, tuberose, violet, orange blossom).
The classes of craftsmen and bastidans, more affluent, wore finer fabrics, including indiennes (printed cotton) flowery and colored and quilted skirts (boutis) or pricked, that is to say made from two fabrics stuffed and stitched together sometimes forming elaborate decorative patterns.
Emblematic of the region, the costume is, even today, an important element of the culture and identity of Provence; Provencal attire is also often worn on the occasion of various events and folkloric.
Technical informaiton
Creation: Sabine FORGET Layout: Mario PRUDENTÉ
Printing technique: rotogravure Size: 40,85 mm x 30 mm
Volume of issue : 700 000 copies Faciales values : 1,30 € Lettre Prioritaire
Compulsory statements: © Timbre-poste (héliogravure) : création Sabine Forget et mise en page Mario Prudenté d’après un dessin de Léo Lelée Farandole d’Arlésiennes. Numérisation : CD13 – Coll. Museon Arlaten © Sébastien Normand.