THE POSTAL UNIONFOR THE MEDITERRANEAN
Costumes of the Mediterranean
Country: Tunisia
Year: 2019
Release Date: 05 Sep 2019
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First Day Cover/Philatelic
Press Release

Mediterranean Costumes


As apart of its contribution to make known the distinguished tunisian heritage of costumes and actively contribute to the activities of the Postal Union for the Mediterranean and considering its significant role in the development of cooperation and partnership with the Postal euro-Mediterranean Institutions, the Tunisian Post issues September 5, 2019, two postage stamps under the theme “Mediterranean Costumes”.
The first postage stamp represents a special women's costume for the women of southern Tunisia, in which the Amazigh style was fused with the Arab style, giving this costume anesthetic and remarkable heritage richness.
The second postage stamp depicts a traditional Kairouan-style clothing for men, consisting of a "Jebba" in creamy wool and a woolly "Bornos" in brown, known in Tunisia with a "Kabbouss" and a turban above the head called "Kachta”.
1 - Traditional costume for women from the south of Tunisia "the city of Douz":
Millia or Hrem or Houli is a cloth whose color and decoration vary by regions. It is the traditional dress of the South Tunisian women who are adorned in its decoration and its tightness is controlled by two attractive buckles and a waistband.
Douz women 's uniform is characterized by the striped blue - gray color the side, placed by the woman on the shoulders and then pulled from the sides at the chest level by two silver clips called "Alkhalal" then attached at the waist with a cotton or woolen belt and this quilt covers the woman' s body from shoulder to wrist. The woman wears under the “Millia” a transparent white shirt with wide sleeves fabric "lace".
The woman puts on her head a pink scarf or other color according to her taste and pulls it on top of the head at the level of the forehead with an “Agar” hanging from it a silver clip consisting of five silver necklaces.
The women's clothing of this region is characterized by simple engravings and silver decorations, which is necessitated by the daily life of the women of the South. Most of them are dressed in the garment of gold in official occasions.
2 Traditional costume for men " The city of Kairouan ":
The costume is made up of a “Jebba” and a “Bornos” with a “kabbous” and a turban widely used in the city of Kairouan . It is also present in Tunis and many other Tunisian regions.
“Jebba” is a costume worn throughout Tunisia. It is woven in wool or silk, sewn from the front and leaves an opening on the side of the chest. It is adorned with a so-called "Harj" that is made of natural or artificial silk. Its traditional colors are green, blue, gray and creamy. Also, the man wears on the "Jebba" a "Bornos" in wool or any other thick fabric, the favorite dress of city dwellers, the "Bornos" can be in different colors going from white with a creamy yellow to a dark color, this tends to a large part of the population.
The headscarf is made up of a red pinch and a turban. Tunisians have historically paid special attention to the “Chachia” with the “Kubita” and to the manufacture of "Kabbous" or before called “Taguia”. They excelled in its industry and they dedicated it especially a market.
 It should be noted that the Tunisian country has a legacy of fashion that distinguishes it from its neighboring countries of the Maghreb and Mediterranean countries, although some of them are similar in designations and forms. It is a rich blend of colors, shapes, variety of fabrics, embroidery and embellishment. These costumes vary according to cities, climate, geography, customs and traditions. Some of them date back to the Punic, Amazigh, Carthaginian, Turkish, Andalusian and Arab-muslim periods, reflecting the diversity, originality and tradition of the civilizations that have succeeded our country.